What Iqbal was for Jinnah


Jinnah issued the following condolence message on the death of Allama Iqbal:

“To me he was a friend, guide and philosopher and during the darkest moments through which the Muslim League had to go, he stood like a rock and never flinched one single moment and as a result just only three days ago he must have read of been informed of the complete unity that was achieved in Calcutta of the Muslim leaders of the Punjab and today I can say with pride that the Muslims of Punjab are wholeheartedly with the League and have come under the flag of the All-India Muslim League, which must have been a matter of greatest satisfaction to him. In the achievement of this unity Sir Muhammad Iqbal played a most signal part.”

(Calcutta, April 21, 1938)

Quaid-e-Azam’s reported Speech at a public meeting to mourn the death of Allama Iqbal:

Mr. M. A. Jinnah said that “the sorrowful news of the death of Dr. Sir Muhammad Iqbal had plunged the world of Islam in gloom mourning. Sir Iqbal was undoubtedly one of the greatest poets, philosophers and seers of humanity of all times. He took a prominent part in the politics of the country and in the intellectual and cultural reconstruction of the Islamic world. His contribution to the literature and thought of the world will live forever. To me he was a personal friend, philosopher and guide and as such the main source of my inspiration and spiritual support”.

(Calcutta, April 21, 1938, The Star of India, April 22, 1938)

Presidential Address, 26th Annual Session of the All-India Muslim League, Patna, December 26, 1938

Quaid-i-Azam made the following comments extempore during his presidential address: “Dr. Sir Muhammad Iqbal’s death is an irreparable loss to Muslim India. He was a personal friend of mine and composer of the finest poetry in the world. He will live as long as Islam will live. His noble poetry interprets the true aspirations of the Muslims of India. It will remain an inspiration for us and for generations after us.”

Comment made after passing Lahore Resolution, March 23, 1940:

Sometime after this meeting, Jinnah turned to Matlub Saiyid, who had been present at the Lahore session, and said: “Iqbal is no more amongst us, but had he been alive he would have been happy to know that we did exactly what he wanted us to do.”

Reported presidential speech in Iqbal Day meeting, Lahore, March 25, 1940.

“If I live to see ideal of a Muslim State being achieved in India and I were then offered to make a choice between the works of Iqbal and the rulership of the Muslim state, I would prefer the former”.

(The Civil & Military Gazette, March 26, 1940)

Reported speech on Iqbal Day meeting, Lahore, March 3, 1941

 Paying his tribute to the memory of the poet, Mr. M. A. Jinnah said:

“The message of Iqbal has reached the farthest corners of the world. He was the greatest interpreter of Islam in modern times.”

“I have had the privilege and opportunity,” he added, “of being associated with him. I have never found a truer and more loyal colleague than him.”

Mr. Jinnah exhorted Muslim youth to understand the spirit of Iqbal’s message. This, he said, would show them their goal. Iqbal is going to live for ever. The coming generations will look upon him as the greatest benefactors of Muslims.”

Letter sent by Jinnah on Iqbal Day, Hyderabad (Deccan), August 9, 1941.(Facsimile included in Discourses of Iqbal by Shahid Hussain Razzaqi (1979/2003), Iqbal Academy Pakistan, Lahore)

“Every great movement has a philosopher and Iqbal was the philosopher of the National Renaissance of Muslim India. He in his works has left an exhaustive and most valuable legacy behind him and a message not only for the Musalmans but for all other nations of the world.

Iqbal was a poet who inspired Muslims with the spirit and determination to restore to Islam its former glory and although he is no more with us, his memory will grow younger and younger with the progress and development of Muslim India.

His works should therefore, be read and digested by every Musalman to create solidarity, and we should all try to organize the Muslims throughout India economically, educationally, socially and politically.”

Message on Iqbal Day being celebrated at Lahore, New Delhi, December 8, 1944 (The Dawn, December 11, 1944)

 “To the cherished memory of our National Poet Iqbal, I pay my homage on this day, which is being celebrated in commemoration of that great poet, sage, philosopher and thinker, and I pray to God Almighty that his soul may rest in eternal peace. Amen!

Though he is not amongst us, his verse, immortal as it is, is always there to guide us and to inspire us. His poetry, besides being beautiful in form and sweet in language, presents to us a picture of the mind and heart of this great poet, and we find how deeply he was devoted to the teachings of Islam. He was a true and faithful follower of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him), a Muslim first and a Muslim last. He was the interpreter and voice of Islam.”

 

اب ذرا دل تھام کر فریاد کی تاثیر دیکھ ۔ علامہ اقبال


کیا سناتا ہے مجھے ترک و عرب کی داستاں

مجھ سے کچھ پنہاں نہیں اسلامیوں کا سوز و ساز

لے گئے تثلیث کے فرزند میراث خلیل

خشت بنیاد کلیسا بن گئی خاک حجاز

ہوگئی رسوا زمانے میں کلاہ لالہ رنگ

جو سراپا ناز تھے، ہیں آج مجبور نیاز

لے رہا ہے مے فروشان فرنگستاں سے پارس

وہ مےء سرکش حرارت جس کی ہے مینا گداز

حکمت مغرب سے ملت کی یہ کیفیت ہوئی

ٹکڑے ٹکڑے جس طرح سونے کو کر دیتا ہے گاز

ہوگیا مانند آب ارزاں مسلماں کا لہو

مضطرب ہے تو کہ تیرا دل نہیں دانائے راز

گفت رومی ہر بناے کہنہ کآباداں کنند

می ندانی اول آں بنیاد را ویراں کنند

ملک ہاتھوں سے گیا ملت کی آنکھیں کھل گئیں

حق ترا چشمے عطا کردست غافل در نگر

مومیائی کی گدائی سے تو بہتر ہے شکست

مور بے پر! حاجتے پیش سلیمانے مبر

ربط و ضبط ملت بیضا ہے مشرق کی نجات

ایشیا والے ہیں اس نکتے سے اب تک بے خبر

پھر سیاست چھوڑ کر داخل حصار دیں میں ہو

ملک و دولت ہے فقط حفظ حرم کا اک ثمر

ایک ہوں مسلم حرم کی پاسبانی کے لیے

نیل کے ساحل سے لے کر تا بخاک کاشغر

جو کرے گا امتیاز رنگ و خوں ، مٹ جائے گا

ترک خرگاہی ہو یا اعرابی والا گہر

نسل اگر مسلم کی مذہب پر مقدم ہوگئی

اڑ گیا دنیا سے تو مانند خاک رہ گزر

تا خلافت کی بنا دنیا میں ہو پھر استور

لا کہیں سے ڈھونڈ کر اسلاف کا قلب و جگر

اے کہ نشناسی خفی را از جلی ہشیار باش

اے گرفتار ابوبکر و علی ہشیار باش

عشق کو فریاد لازم تھی سو وہ بھی ہو چکی

اب ذرا دل تھام کر فریاد کی تاثیر دیکھ

تو نے دیکھا سطوت رفتار دریا کا عروج

موج مضطر کس طرح بنتی ہے اب زنجیر دیکھ

عام حریت کا جو دیکھا تھا خواب اسلام نے

اے مسلماں آج تو اس خواب کی تعبیر دیکھ

اپنی خاکستر سمندر کو ہے سامان وجود

مر کے پھر ہوتا ہے پیدا یہ جہان پیر، دیکھ

کھول کر آنکھیں مرے آئینۂ گفتار میں

آنے والے دور کی دھندلی سی اک تصویر دیکھ

آزمودہ فتنہ ہے اک اور بھی گردوں کے پاس

سامنے تقدیر کے رسوائی تدبیر دیکھ

مسلم استی سینہ را از آرزو آباد دار

ہر زماں پیش نظر، ‘لایخلف المیعاد’ دار

دلِ مرتضی، سوزِ صديق دے – علامہ اقبال


بجھی عشق کی آگ ، اندھير ہے

مسلماں نہيں ، راکھ کا ڈھير ہے

شراب کہن پھر پلا ساقيا

وہی جام گردش ميں لا ساقيا

مجھے عشق کے پر لگا کر اڑا

مری خاک جگنو بنا کر اڑا

خرد کو غلامی سے آزاد کر

جوانوں کو پيروں کا استاد کر

ہری شاخ ملت ترے نم سے ہے

نفس اس بدن ميں ترے دم سے ہے

تڑپنے پھٹرکنے کی توفيق دے

دلِ مرتضی ، سوزِ صديق دے

جگر سے وہی تير پھر پار کر

تمنا کو سينوں ميں بيدار کر

ترے آسمانوں کے تاروں کی خير

زمينوں کے شب زندہ داروں کی خير

جوانوں کو سوز جگر بخش دے

مرا عشق ، ميری نظر بخش دے

[extract from Allama Iqbal’s ‘Saqi Nama’. To read the complete poem, visit the following link]
http://www.iqbal.com.pk/component/content/article/906-poetical-works/kuliyat-e-iqbal-urdu/bal-e-jibril/bal-e-jibril-manzomaat/664-saqi-nama

A glimpse of Quaid’s vision for Pakistan


By Syeda Qudsiya Mashhadi

Recently some enemies of Pakistan [read SAFMA] have started questioning the Two-Nation Theory that was the base for the creation of Pakistan. They are outrageous liars and through their falsehoods, they want to prove that Jinnah wanted a secular state.

There are hundreds of speeches of Quaid-e-Azam that can be slapped across their Zionist faces, but quoting here just some of them to revive the memory of Pakistani youth.

Our true hero, Jinnah

Our true hero, Jinnah

“Happily there is a solution in the enforcement of the Law of Islam and its further development in the light of modern ideas. After a long and careful study of Islamic Law I have come to the conclusion that if this system of Law is properly understood and applied, at last the right to subsistence is secured to everybody. But the enforcement and development of the Shariat of Islam is impossible in this country without a free Muslim state or states.”  Iqbal’s letter to Quaid, 28th May, 1937.

“The Congress President has denied the political existence of Muslims in no unmistakable terms. The other Hindu political body, i.e., the Mahasabha, whom I regard as the real representative of the masses of the Hindus, has declared more than once that a united Hindu-Muslim nation is impossible in India. In these circumstances it is obvious that the only way to a peaceful India is redistribution of the country on the lines of racial, religious and linguistic affinities.” Iqbal to Quaid, June 1937.

“To my mind the new constitution with its ides of a single Indian federation is completely hopeless. A separate federation of Muslim provinces reformed on the lines I have suggested above, is the only course by which we can secure a peaceful India and save Muslims from the domination of non-Muslims. Why should not the Muslims of North-West India and Bengal be considered as nation entitled to Self-determination just as other nation as in India and outside India are?” Iqbal to Quaid, June 1937.

“The Palestine question is very much agitating the minds of the Muslims. I have no doubt that the League will pass a strong resolution on this question and also by holding a private conference of the leaders. Personally I would not mind going to jail on an issue which affects both Islam and India. The formation of a Western base on the very gates of the East is a menace to both.” Iqbal to Quaid, 1937.

“ Pakistan not only means freedom and independence, but also the Muslim Ideology that has to be preserved that has come to us as a precious gift and treasure.” Quaid-e-Azam, Chittagong, March,1948.

“In Pakistan lie our deliverance, defence and honour. If we fail, we perish and there will be no signs and symptoms of Muslims or Islam left in the sub-continent.” Quaid-e-Azam, Pakistan Day, March, 1945.

“The Constitution of Pakistan has yet to be framed——-I am sure it will be of a democratic type embodying the essential principles of Islam. Today, they are as applicable in modern times, as these were 1300 years ago———in any case, Pakistan is NOT going to be a Theocratic State——-to be ruled by the priests with a Divine mission.”  Quaid-e-Azam, broadcast to the U.S.A. February,1948.

“Islam is not merely confined to the spiritual tenets and doctrine, rituals and ceremonies. It is a complete code regulating the whole Muslim Society, every department of life collectively and individually.” Quaid-e-Azam, Eid Massage, September, 1945.

“In Islam, ultimate obedience belongs to God alone. The only way to follow this guidance is through the Holy Quran. Islam does not preach obedience to a king, parliament, person or institution. The Islamic Govt. means rule of the Quran. And how can you establish the rule of the Quran without an independent state?” Quaid-e-Azam, address to the students of the Usmania University, Deccan, India, August, 1941.

“Come forward as servants of Islam, organise the people economically, socially, educationally and politically and I am sure that you will be a power that will be accepted by everybody.” Quaid-e-Azam, Presidential Address at the All India Muslim League, Lahore March 23, 1940.

“The vital contest in which we are engaged is not only for the material gain but also the very existence of the soul of Muslim nation, Hence I have said often that it is a matter of life and death to the Musalmans and is not a counter for bargaining.”
Quaid-e-Azam, Presidential Address delivered at the Special Pakistan Session of the Punjab Muslim Students Federation, March 2, 1941

“You have to stand guard over the development and maintenance of Islamic democracy, Islamic social justice and the equality of manhood in your own native soil. With faith, discipline and selfless devotion to duty, there is nothing worthwhile that you cannot achieve.” Quaid-e-Azam, address to the officers and men of the 5th Heavy and 6th Light  Regiments in Malir, Karachi, February 21, 1948.

“We should have a State in which we could live and breathe as free men and which we could develop according to our own lights and culture and where principles of Islamic social justice could find free play.” Quaid-e-Azam, address to Civil, Naval, Military and Air Force Officers of Pakistan Government, Karachi, October 11, 1947.

“We must work our destiny in our own way and present to the world an economic system based on true Islamic concept of equality of manhood and social justice. We will thereby be fulfilling our mission as Muslims and giving to humanity the message of peace which alone can save it and secure the welfare, happiness and prosperity of mankind”. Quaid-e-Azam’s speech at the opening ceremony of State Bank of Pakistan, Karachi, July 1, 1948.

Long live Islamic Republic of Pakistan!

Death to its enemies!

Ameer-e-Millat on Quaid-e-Azam M. A. Jinnah


 

Establishment of All India Sunni Conference

The leading Sunni ulema at the meeting at Jami’ah Na’imiah, Muradabad on March 16-19, 1925 set up an organization by the name of Jamiyyat-e-Aliyah-al Markaziah commonly known as All India Sunni Conference (AISC). At its inaugural session, Syed Jamaat Ali Shah was elected its president and the convener of the meeting, Maulana Nazimuddin Muradabadi its Nazim-e-AIa (General Secretary)

The aim and objectives of AISC were:

a) To unite the Sunni majority of India on one platform;

b) To establish Islamic organizations in every corner of India and link them with AISC;

c) To organize missionary activities and to open special seminaries for this purpose;

d) To provide religious education to the western educated Muslims and open night schools for the working classes.

e) To improve social conditions of the Muslims by encouraging them to invest in trade and business; and

f) To fulfil the daily needs of the Muslims by providing them jobs and making them free from the clutches of loans.

The presidential address of Syed Jamaat Ali Shah, which he delivered at the first annual AISC session, holds historical significance. He not only surveyed the political, social and religious problems of the Muslims in the Indian sub-continent, but also highlighted the contemporary issues of the Muslim world. For instance, commenting on the politics of the then Arabia, he condemned the massacre of innocent Muslims in Hijaz carried out by the descendants of King Saud. In addition, he vehemently criticized the fundamental doctrines of Wahabism, which were fast spreading in India, and were attractive to a considerable section of the Muslim population. In a likewise manner, he also condemned the emergence of other minor sects in Indian Islam. Moreover, he shed light on the calamity of apostasy while upholding the truthfulness of Islam. He also brought to the forefront anti-Islamic customs in the Muslim society and how to avoid them, need for brotherhood among the Muslims and the role and work of the leaders of Ahl-e-Sunnat Wal Jamaat in the preaching of Islam. In addition, he also stressed need for acquiring modern education for Muslims. This first All India Sunni Conference was attended by three hundred ulema, Mashiakh (Sufi pirs) coming from all over India.

The Second All India Sunni Conference was held in Badaun in October 1935 under the presidentship of Jamaat Ali Shah. He was re-elected as its President. In his Presidential address, he highlighted the need for unity among the ulema and common Muslims and the role/responsibilities of ulema in Masjid Shaheed Ganj Movement. While criticizing Ibn-e-Saud’s policies in Arabia, he demanded to respect the sacred places of the Muslims.

The Third All India Sunni Conference was held on 27-30 April 1946 at Benaras under the presidentship of Syed Jamaat Ali Shah which was attended by five hundred Mashaikh, seven hundred ulema and some two Iakh people.

There were reports that some Congress agents conspired to disrupt the meeting. They prepared a resolution according to which Mr. Jinnah was to be denounced as infidel and apostate from the platform of AISC. Moreover, it was demanded of Jamaat Ali Shah to retract his high praise for Mr. Jinnah, or resign from the presidentship of the conference, It is important to mention here that many nationalist Muslim leaders and nationalist Muslim groups such as Ahrar condemned Muslim League, and denounced its prominent leaders such as Muhammad Ali Jinnah for his westernized and un-Islamic way of life. Now denouncing Jinnah from the platform of AISC and particularly from Syed Jamaat Ali Shah was planned by pro-Congress leaders within AISC. Since Jamaat Ali had a large following among the Punjabi Muslims, the ulterior motive behind the move was to discredit Jinnah among them.

Pir Sahib got wind of the plan but remained cool and calm. When he stood up to deliver Presidential address, he said:

“People dub Jinnah as infidel, but, I call him a saint, people express their own opinion but I say it in the light of Quran and Hadiths. Those who believe in their Allah and obey Him Allah creates love and reverence f or them in the hearts of people’ (Quran). Now is there anybody other than Jinnah who is loved and respected by ten crore Muslims of India. Therefore, you may call him infidel, but in my eyes he is a Saint”.

After these arguments, nobody dared to pressurize him to change his stance.

In the same meeting, a resolution was also passed, whereby the leaders of the AISC and other prominent leaders present in the meeting pledged to support the demand for Pakistan.

Courtesy
http://amir-e-millat.com/EstAllIndiaSun.htm

From Jinnah to Pakistan – A Will


By Syeda Qudsiya Mashhadi

Muhammad Ail Jinnah left us on 11th September 1948. He got very little time to guide the nation in that time of turmoil and reconstruction. Nevertheless, in that little time, he gave golden words of advice to the Pakistani nation.
He was very clear about how this country which was created in the name of Islam should be run.
These are extracts from very important speeches by Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, in October 1947 and March 1948.
In October of 1947, he came out to address the nation despite being seriously ill and conveyed a very important message for all generations to come.

These words are like a last Will from the Father of the Nation to his people.

Jinnah’s words to be treasured and followed:

“What we want is not to talk about Bengali, Punjabi, Sindhi. Yes, there are units, there are provinces. But I ask you, have you forgotten the lesson that Islam taught us thirteen centuries ago?
And I think you will agree with me, that whatever else you may be or whatever you are; you are a Muslim; that you have now carved out a territory, a vast territory; it is all yours. It does not belong to a Punjabi or a Bengali or a Sindhi; it’s yours!
You have got your central government where every unit and every province is represented.
Therefore, if you want to build up yourself into a nation and get rid of this poison, for God’s sake give up provincialism. You are only voicing my sentiments and the sentiments of millions of Musalmaans, when you say that Pakistan should be based on pure foundations of social justice and Islamic socialism, not other isms. Brotherhood, equality, fraternity of man; these are all the basic points of our religion, culture and civilization.
And we fought for Pakistan because there was danger of denial of these human rights in the sub-continent. After all the story of Pakistan and its struggle and achievements is the very story of great human ideals, struggling to survive in the face of great odds and difficulties.
Let us now plan to build and reconstruct and regenerate our great nation. Now is the time, chance and opportunity for every Musalmaan to make his or her fullest and best contribution and make the greatest sacrifice and work ceaselessly and selflessly in the service of our Nation. And make Pakistan one of the greatest nations of the world. Pakistan is now fait accompli [accomplished fact] and it can never be undone!”

A rare letter of Jinnah shows the importance of Iqbal’s poetry


Quaid's letter about importance of Iqbal's poetry

Quaid’s letter about importance of Iqbal’s poetry

State Guest House
Hyderabad Dn
9th August 1941

Every great movement has a philosopher and Iqbal was the philosopher of the National Renaissance of Muslim India. He in his works has left an exhaustive and most valuable legacy behind him and a message not only for the Musalmans but for all other nations of the world.

Iqbal was a poet who inspired Muslims with the spirit and determination to restore to Islam its former glory and although he is no more with us, his memory will grow younger and younger with the progress and development of Muslim India.

His works should therefore, be read and digested by every Musalman to create solidarity, and we should all try to organise the Muslims throughout India economically, educationally, socially and politically.

M. A. Jinnah

Shahid Hussain Razzaqi, Esq,
Ghazipura,
Gulberga – Deccan